"Oh Allah, I ask You to grant me beneficial knowledge, abundant sustenance and cure from all diseases"
Dear brothers and sisters, I am not by any means professing to be an expert in the field of Tajweed. I ask you to accept this Tajweed programme as a small, humble attempt on my part towards facilitating correct Qur'anic reading so that minor and major errors are prevented, Insha Allah.
• Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "A single scholar of religion is more formidable against Shaitaan than a thousand devout persons. Islam is our greatest gift. We have to be thankful for this gift. We have to render to Allah His due. Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) has given us so much by making us a part of the Ummah of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) so we must totally commit ourselves as followers of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam). We must become true Muslims." (Tirmidhi, Ibn Maajaah)
The best of knowledge is the knowledge of the Qur'an:
• Sayyidina Hazrat Uthman (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said;
Those who are reading from it should use clear, beautiful voices:
1- It is Waajib (compulsory) to recite the Qur'an correctly. Do not recite with haste but make an effort to read with Tarteel (fluency) and with Tajweed, proper articulation points, and proper stops and starts. Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) said;
(Qur'an, 73: 4)
- Hazrat Ayisha (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anha) said; "He (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) used to recite the chapter slowly, so much so that it would be longer than chapters that were actually longer than it." (Bukhari)
- Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "He who does not recite the Qur'an in a melodious voice is not of us." (Abu Dawud)
The most important part of Tajweed is learning about correct positions of the organs of speech and the manner of articulation. The Qur'an can lose its meaning if the letters are not pronounced correctly e.g.
"Those truly fear Allah among His Servants who have knowledge".
(Qur'an, 35: 28)
- Lahn Jalee (ﻟَﺤَﻦ ﺟَﻠِﻲ -Explicit misreading) - major or obvious.
- Lahn Khafee (ﻟَﺤَﻦ ﺧَﻔِﻲ -Implicit misreading) - minor or not obvious.
Examples of Lahn Jalee
In the above verse, if Rasuluhu is read as Rasulahu then it changes meaning to a blasphemous one saying that Allah I is free of polytheists and His Messenger! (As opposed to …and so is His Messenger).
Reading the Qur'an whilst being guilty of Lahn Khafee is Makrooh (odious). It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur'an. However, it does deprive the Holy Qur'an of its real elegance and beauty.
Examples of Lahn Khafee:
To overlook the rules of the Tafkheem (heavy pronounce) and the Tarqeeq (light pronounce). The letter ل Laam, ر Raa is some times pronounced heavy and some times light).
Not to adhere to the rules of Izhaar, Idghaam, Ikhfa, Qalqalah and Isti'laa in their respective places whilst reciting the Qur'an. Not to prolong a letter when a Madd is present.
Knowledge of Tajweed is fard al-kifyah, meaning the Muslim community must know it and its knowledge cannot be forsaken.
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(Qur'an, 56: 77, 78, 79)
The Arabic word translated here as "clean" is Mutah-hi-roon, a word that is also sometimes translated as "purified".
As a result of this general understanding, the following "rules" are usually followed when handling the Qur'an:
When commencing and during Tilaawat: (The etiquette of reciting the Qur'an)
2- One who is in need of a formal bath should not touch the Qur'an until after bathing.
3- The individual's clothes, body & place of reading Qur'an must have be clean.
4- Use a Miswaak and ensure that the mouth is thoroughly cleansed of any strong or offensive smell such as garlic, raw onion, etc.
5- The respect for the Qur'an should be regarded as binding on every Muslim at all times. Sit in a secluded place facing the Qiblah in an extremely dignified manner. One should not lean against anything or stretch out one's legs or lie down whilst reciting.
6- The Qur'an must be placed on an elevated position such as a Qur'an stand, desk. Do not place the Qur'an on the musallah (carpet), Mimbar or any place on which people stand or sit.
7- It is the duty of every Muslim man, woman and children read ever day at least one section of the Qur'an in Arabic, then read the translation, with commentary. Do not worry about finishing the Holy Qur'an.
8- Read Ta'awwuz (A'oozu billah) Bismillah and Durood before commencing and after the recital.
9- Should read Bismillah beginning of the all Surah in the Qur'an, Except Surah Tawbah (Baraa'ah), Bismillah reading not allowed before this Surah.
10- Seeking refuge with Allah from the rejected Shaitaan before reading the Qur'an, following Allah's saying:
(Qur'an, 16: 98)
12- It is of the utmost importance that there is respect of the Qur'an by all readers of the Qur'an. Talk should be avoided while reciting the Qur'an, as well as laughter and playing around. If an important matter has to be discussed with anyone then the recital should be stopped and the Qur'an closed. If one desires to continue reading thereafter then read the Ta'awwuz (A'oozu billah), and Bismillah, and then continue from where one had stopped. Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala), the Exalted, said:
(Qur'an, 7: 204)
14- Do not place any other book or object (hat, cap or turban etc.), on the Qur'an during or after recital.
15- Do not turn your back towards the Qur'an during or after recital, and do not sit with the Qur'an in such a position that it faces someone else's back.
16- Do not sit on a place which is higher than the Qur'an when the Qur'an is within sight. Do not sleep with your feet towards the Qur'an.
17- It is sinful to carelessly discard torn or worn pages of the Qur'an. Do not throw them in the waste basket or bin. Usable pages must be carefully put into a Paak (ritually clean) wrapper and buried in a Paak/clean place.
18- Besides the Qur'an, other pieces of paper or things with the names of Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) and Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam), must not be shown disrespect by being carelessly discarded at places where these would be trampled upon.
(Qur'an, 2: 286)
The Qur'an is the most precious item to a Muslim. It is the holy book of Muslims, which teaches people guidance to the right path and explains the law set by Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) for those who want to seek a successful hereafter, Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) says in the Qur'an;
Muslims dedicate most of their childhood to learning to read and finishing this extremely unique book, after learning and finishing the Qur'an, Muslims are encouraged to continue to re-read for the rest of their lives due to the great amount of reward laying in the afterlife for this act. Millions of Muslims have memorized the whole book by heart in Arabic all over the world, and most of them don't even speak Arabic!
In summary, The Qur'an deals with man and his ultimate goal in life. Its teachings cover all areas of this life and the life after death. It contains principles, doctrines and directions for every sphere of human life. The theme of the Qur'an broadly consists of three fundamental ideas: Oneness of Allah, Prophet Hood and life after death. The success of human beings on this earth and in the life hereafter depends on obedience to the Qur'anic teaching.
The excellence of the Tilaawat (Qur'anic recital)
• Hazrat Abi Umamah Baa-hiliy (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "You all (shall) recite the Qur'an, for it will intercede for its reciters on the day of resurrection (Qiyaamat)." (Muslim)
• Hazrat Ali (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "Whoever reads the Qur'an and memorizes it and regards what it makes lawful as lawful and its unlawful as forbidden, will be admitted to Jannah (Paradise) by Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala). Allah will also accept his intercession in respect of ten of his family members on whom Jahannum (Hell) was binding." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi)
• Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "Concerning Allah's words: Surely the recital of the Qur'an at dawn is witnessed; the angels of the night and the angels of the day are present at it." (Transmitted by Tirmidhi)
• Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "On the Day of Judgement, it will be said to the man devoted to the Qur'an, go on reciting the Qur'an and continue ascending the storeys of Paradise and recite in the slow manner you had been reciting in the worldly life. Your final abode will be where you reach at the time you recite the last Ayah (verse)." (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud)
• Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "Whoever recites a letter from the Qur'an, there is for him a one good deed and one good deed reward ten times, I do not say that (ا لم) is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter." (Tirmidhi)
Allah said in the Qur'an:
(Qur'an, 6: 160)
"O Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala), let us be of those who recite the Holy Qur'an well and understand its explicit meanings, as well as the hidden meaning."
"O Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala), make the light of the Holy Qur'an the delight of our hearts, the light of our souls and the relief of our sorrows and griefs, and to guide and drive us to Jannat Al Firdous." (Aameen)
Finally, I would like to express my gratitude to each and every person who has unselfishly given of their time towards the establishment of this website. May the Almighty Allah reward them in abundance.
We ask Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) to bless this project and by His Will and Mercy to enable us all to benefit from the knowledge therein, only seeking the Pleasure of Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala).
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure there are no errors or discrepancies in this programme, if any are found however, I urge you to please bring them to my attention. Also, please feel free to forward any feedback or questions. This can be done via the 'contact us' option displayed on the Top page.