Pilgrimage (Hajj)

The performance of pilgrimage to Makkah between the 8th -12th Dhul-al-hajj, the12th month in the Islamic calendar. It is obligatory once in a lifetime on those Muslims who can afford it by the means of health and wealth.

"Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures." (Qur'an, 3: 97)

Hajj is only an obligation to those who can afford the journey and is only compulsory once in a lifetime, but should be completed as soon as a Muslim is able to afford it because no one knows how long they are in this world and leaving the Hajj till next year may be to late.

The greatest benefit of Hajj is that whoever carries out Hajj to perfection is made as sin free as a newborn baby.
  • Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "Whoever performs Hajj to this house (Qiblah) and does not approach his wife for sexual relations nor commits sins (while performing Hajj), he will come out as sinless as a newly-born child (Just delivered by his mother)."    (Bukhari)
To obtain full advantage of Hajj one must make sure that she/he is free from debt, as it is more of an obligation to be debt free than to complete your Hajj.

Women must make sure that when they go for Hajj that they are accompanied by a Mahram, (someone that they are not allowed to marry according to Islamic law (Shariah) such as; brother, son, father, nephew etc.) there is a Hadith of the Prophet to verify this, a man came to the Prophet and told him that he wanted to go and fight but his wife wanted to go to Hajj and asked what he should do, the Prophet told him to go to hajj with his wife.

Performing Hajj and 'Umrah. One of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days is to perform Hajj to the Sacred House of Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala). The one whom Allah helps to go on Hajj to His House and to perform all the rituals properly is included in the words of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam): "An accepted Hajj brings no less a reward than Paradise."

Simple click Download                                           Umrah, Hajj Talbiyah


Translation:
Here I am at Thy service O Lord, here I am. Here I am at Thy service and Thou hast no partners. Thine alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partners, here I am.



The Ten Days of Dhul-al-hajj

The Muslim must understand the value of his life, increase his worship of Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) and persist in doing good deeds until the moment of death.

Among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhul-al-hajj, which Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) has preferred over all the other days of the year.
  • Hazrat Ibn 'Abbaas  (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) reported that the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) than these ten days." The people asked, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allah?" He said, "Not even jihaad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing." (Bukhaari)
  • The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) commanded us to recite a lot of Tasbeeh ("Subhan-Allah"), Tahmeed ("Al-hamdu Lillaah") and Takbeer ("Allahu akbar") during this time. 'Abdullaah ibn 'Umar (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) reported that the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said: "There are no days greater in the sight of Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel ("La ilaaha ill-Allah"), Takbeer and Tahmeed."   (Ahmad)
  • These ten days include Yawm 'Arafaah (the Day of 'Arafaah), on which Allah perfected His Religion. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years. These days also include Yawm al-Nahar (the Day of Sacrifice), the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.
  • These ten days include the days of sacrifice and of Hajj.
  • Concerning the types of worship to be performed during these ten days: one must understand that these days are a great blessing from Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) to His slave, which is appreciated properly by the actively righteous. It is the Muslim’s duty to appreciate this blessing and make the most of the opportunity, by devoting these ten days to paying more attention to striving hard in worship. Among His blessings to His slaves, Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) has given us many ways in which to do good and worship Him, so that the Muslim may be constantly active and consistent in his worship of his Lord.
Question: What must the Muslim avoid during these ten days if he wants to offer a sacrifice?
  • The Sunnah indicates that the one who wants to offer a sacrifice must stop cutting his hair and nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice, because the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said: "When you see the new moon of Dhul-al-hajj, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice." According to another report he said: "He should not remove (literally, touch) anything from his hair or skin."    (Muslim)
Among the good deeds which the Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Dhul-al-hajj are:

Fasting:
  • It is Sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhul-al-hajj, because the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) urged us to do good deeds during this time, and fasting is one of the best of deeds. Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) has chosen fasting for Himself, as is stated in the hadeeth qudsi: "Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) says: All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except for fasting, which is for Me and I am the One Who will reward him for it."   (Bukhaari)

Salah-tul-Eidain (Eid Prayer)

The Eid Salah is performed in Jama'at on the Eidain (two Eids):

Eid-ul-Fitr:
Celebrated on the 1st Shawwal, the 10th month in the Islamic calendar. The celebrations are made for three days all around the world on the completion of month of Ramadhan (fasting).

Zakah-tul-Fitr (Fitrana)
  • Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam); "made alms (Fitrana) giving on Eid-ul-Fitr an obligatory act. As well as providing food for the poor, it was meant to atone for any absurdity or immodesty that may have been committed during fasting in the month of Ramadhan."       (Abu Dawud)
  • Hazrat Ibn 'Umar (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam); "ordered the people to pay Zakah-tul-Fitr before going to the 'Eid Prayer."     (Bukhari)
Sunnah of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa
1- Awaken earlier than usual.
2- Have a Ghusl, (Bath).
3- Brush the teeth with Miswaak.
4- Apply perfume (Atar).
5- Wear their best clothes.
6- Go to the place of Salah early.
7- To go by foot.
8- Use different routes from the place of Eid Salah.
  • Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anhu) says: "When the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) went to Salah-tul-Eid, he would return through a different route."     (Ahmad, Muslim, Tirmidhi)
9- Eid-ul-Fitr: To give Fitrana before Eid Salah.
10- Eat sweets or odd number of dates before going to Eid-ul-Fitr Salah.
11- Recite the Takbeer in a low voice on the way to the place of Eid-ul-Fitr Salah.
12- Eid-ul-Adhaa: Avoid eating before Eid Salah.
13- Recite the Takbeer in an audible tone not very aloud on the way to the place of Eid-ul-Adhaa Salah.
14- To eat the Qurbaani meat of one’s own offering, after the Eid-ul-Adhaa Salah.

Eid-ul-Adhaa:
  • The Eid-ul-Adhaa celebrated on the 10th Dhul-al-hajj, the12th month in the Islamic calendar. It is in remembrance of the Sacrifice (Qurbaani) offered by Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhis-Salam) of His son Prophet Ismail (Alayhis-Salam). In accordance with the prophetic traditions Muslims all around the world make Sacrifice of animals (e.g.) goats, sheep, cattle, deer, buffalo and camels; male or female.
  • Hazrat Umm-e-Salma (Radi yllaahu Ta'ala 'anha) narrates Rasulullah (Sallallahu-Alayhi Wa-Sallam) said; "When anyone of you intends to sacrifice the animal and enter in the month of Dhul-al-hajj, he should not get his hair cut or nails pared till he has offered his sacrifice."   (Muslim)
According to this Hadith, one who intends to sacrifice animal on Eid-ul-Adhaa, should abstain from paring nails, having a hair cut, and shaving the armpits and the private parts so that his sacrifice is in accordance with the Sunnah. One should have a hair cut on the 10th Dhul-al-hajj after having offered the sacrifice. Some Ahaadith tell us that if a person who does not sacrifice an animal on Eid-ul-Adhaa but pares his nails and has his hair cut on the 10th Dhul-al-hajj will be given by Allah (Subhaa-nahu Wa-Ta'ala) the reward of sacrifice.

Takbir-e-Tashreeq for Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhaa
It is Waajib (compulsory) for every Muslim to recite the "Takbir-e-Tashreeq" after every Fardh Salah, after the Fajr Salah on the 9th Dhul-al-hajj and up to the Asr Salah on the 13th of Dhul-al-hajj (the days of Ayyam-e-Tashreeq).

Eid Takbeer:


"Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no God but Allah , and Allah is the Greatest and all praise is for Allah alone."


How to perform the Salah-tul-Eidain:
Salah-tul-Eidain is performed in a manner similar to the Jumu'ah Salah with a Khutbah and 2 Raka'at of Prayer. There is no Adhan or Iqaamah for the Eid Salah. In the Eid Salah you perform with al-Jama'at the 2 Raka'at of either Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ul-Adhaa first. Then the Imam reads the Khutbah in Arabic and after that, the Prayer ends with du'a.

In two Raka'at of Eid Prayer, you have six extra Takbeer "Allahu Akbar" to say, three in the first Raka'at and three in the second Raka'at. The method of Praying Eid Salah is thus;
  • First of all the Intention (Niyyah) should be made I am performing two Raka'at Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ul-Adhaa Waajib (compulsory) with six extra Takbeer behind this Imam.
  • The Imam says the Takbeer-e-Tahrima (first Takbeer) loudly and the people in the al-Jama'at also say this silently by raising the hands up to the ears.
  • Then you fold the hands below the navel, (right hand on top of left hand). put their right hand on the left hand and clasp (hold) your left hand’s wrist, with three fingers on the top (index finger, middle and fourth finger) and the right hand’s thumb and small finger below the left hand’s wrist and recite Thana (Sanaa), then Ta'awwuz (A'oozu-billah) and then recite Tasmiyyah (Bismillah).
  • Next, the Imam says out three Takbeer loudly with short pauses, and the Muqtadee (followers) should also say it, but silently. After each Takbeer, the Imam and Muqtadee both raise their hands up to the ears and drop them by their sides of the body. After the third Takbeer, the Imam and Muqtadee fold their hands below the navel. 
  • Then the Imam recites Surah Al-Fatiha and any verses and the Muqtadee should listen to the Imam recitation. After this, the Imam and followers do the Rukoo (bowing) and Sujood (prostrates) as in the daily Prayers, then get up to complete the second Raka'at.
  • In the second Raka'at, the Imam again recites Surah Al-Fatiha and any Ayah (verses).
  • After the recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and verses, the Imam says three Takbeer loudly, raising the hands to the ears, and dropping them to the sides of the body. The Muqtadee should do the same. After the third Takbeer, the Imam will say the 4 Takbeer for the Rukoo and instead of folding the hands, you should go straight into the Rukoo position, then do the Sajdah, and complete the Prayer as normal with Tashahhud, Durood, and du'a.
  • Finally, the Imam will finish off the Eid Salah by reading the Khutbah in Arabic. It is Waajib to listen to the Khutbah of Eidain and ending with du'a.